7th Grade–American Revolution

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  • As the British colonies grew and the colonists became prosperous, they enjoyed their own freedom.  Britain began to seem very far away.
  • After the French and Indian War the British government through parliament decided to pass laws to tax the colonists help in paying the war debt of the war.
    • The Sugar Act, Stamp Act and other taxes.
  • “No Taxation without presentation.”
    • The colonists felt it was unfair that they had to pay taxes and house British soldiers at their home, when they do not have their own people from the colonies as part of parliament (similar to United States congress).
  • Colonists such as Patrick Henry, Thomas Paine and others began to call for an independent America, colonies free from British rule.

Watch this video to refresh your memory about the causes that led to the American Revolution.

 

CAUSES THAT LED TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION   EFFECT
According to Brain Pop video, “Causes of American Revolution,” parliament passed the Quartering Act.  This law says, that British soldiers can stay at the home of colonists.  The colonists will be responsible to house and feed the British soldiers.
In the textbook, “United States History,” the British parliament passes the Sugar Act.  This law caused colonists to be tax on sugar, Molasses and other goods that came to the colonists. According to Brain Pop video, James Otis, one of the colonist’s proclaimed, “Taxation without presentation is tyranny (tyranny means a cruel leader who oppresses its people).  The colonist began say, “No taxation without representation.
According to the textbook, “United States History,” parliament passed the Stamp Act.  This law allowed British government to tax the colonists on stamps, diplomas, contract, and even playing cards. Samuel Adams created the Sons of Liberty.  This group along with the colonists protested against British goods.  This meant that the colonists stop buying British products.
The textbook “United States History,” and Brain Pop video states that parliament passed another Act, called the Townshend Act.  This act taxed products coming in the colonies such as lead, glass, paper and tea.  This law also allowed British soldiers to search the colonists homes for smuggled goods. The colonist responded with boycotts (stop buying British goods) and protests.The colonists got even more upset with the British government after the Boston Massacre.The British repeal the Townshend Act (Meaning that the British stopped/changed this law.)
According the textbook, “United States History,” the British parliament passed the Tea Act.  This law forced colonists to buy all their tea from Britain. As a responded by the Boston Tea party.  A group of colonists went to the British ships at the Boston harbor and through away the British teas in the water.King George response led to the Coercive Act.
The Coercive Act was a law that called for Naval blockade at Boston harbor until the colonists paid for the tea they had thrown overboard. The colonists called the act the Intolerable Act.  Colonists from different colonies began to meet together to talk about colonial Acts.  The colonists’ leaders formed the Continental Congress.  The congress decided to stop all British trade with the colonists. The congress also called on each colony to form its own army.Fighting broke out between British soldiers and colonial social in Lexington, Massachusetts marking the beginning of the Revolutionary War.

 

Learning Objective:  To ANALIZE THE PATRIOTS, LOYALISTS AND KING GEORGE’S PERSPECTIVE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

King George’s Perspective

¨In a July 1, 1775 letter to Lord Sandwich, King George III made his position with respect to the colonies perfectly clear: “I am of the opinion that when once these rebels have felt a smart blow, they will submit; and no situation can ever change my fixed resolution, either to bring the colonies to due obedience to the legislature of the mother country or to cast them off!”  King George’s Speech

  1. According to the quote of King Georges speech how did King George feel about the colonists protest  against his laws (Acts)?  According to King George’s quote he felt that the colonists protest was an act of rebellion.
  2. How did George plan to deal with the colonists? King Geoge called for war against the colonists rebellion.
  3. What result was King Georges looking for?  King George believed once his army won the colonists would submit (obey) to his authority.
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Patriots’ Perspective

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are given by their creator certain Rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. 

  That to secure these rights, government are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,  that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to give them shall seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness.

1.Describe the first paragraph of the Declaration of Independence? All men are created equal and that they have the right to freedom and look for happiness.  (Teacher’s note: Pursuit of happiness has a greater meaning.  To this day travel from other countries to fulfill this American Dream.  The Founding Fathers of this Nation believed that if people work hard, they or their children would be able to have the right to own land and live a good life.  The Founding Fathers did not provide this  freedom for women, blacks and non-land owners.)
2.Who gives the government the power?  According to the quote, the people (citizens) gave the government it power.
3.What happens if government mistreats their citizens?  Citizens have the rights to change laws faced by government, removed these laws and/or create a new government.
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Loyalists’ Perspective

¨“I think that all laws until they are repealed ought to be obeyed and that it is the duty of those who are entrusted with the executive part of government to see that they are so.” William Franklin
  1. According to William Franklin what should be the role of the colonists towards the British government?  William Franklin believes that it is the responsibility of the colonists to obey British laws until these laws are changed by the British government.
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Watch the video about the Loyalist verses the Patriots.

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